39 Tauri

Stellar classification



  • X -7
  • Y -20
  • Z -51
→ Sol: 55

Object type

  • Double or multiple star
  • Star
  • Infra-Red source
  • High proper-motion Star
  • UV-emission source
  • Variable Star
  • X-ray source
simbad:* 39 Tau


39 Tauri is the Flamsteed designation for an unresolved binary star in the northern constellation of Taurus. It has an apparent visual magnitude of 5.90, so, according to the Bortle scale, it is faintly visible from suburban skies at night. Measurements made with the Hipparcos spacecraft show an annual parallax shift of 0.05904″, which is equivalent to a distance of around 55.2 ly (16.9 pc) from the Sun.

A stellar classification of G5 V matches that of a G-type main sequence star; the type of the secondary component is unknown. Stellar models indicate the primary component is similar in physical properties to the Sun, with 110% of the Sun's mass, 96% of the radius, and shining with almost the same luminosity. The overall metallicity of the star—the abundance of elements other than hydrogen and helium—is similar to the Sun. At a relatively youthful estimated age of one billion years, it is rotating with a period of 9.12 days. Based upon Hipparcos data, it displays a mild variability with an amplitude of 0.06 magnitude.

The space velocity components of 39 Tauri are: –25.0(U), –14.0(V), –6.0(W). The surface activity and kinematic properties of this star are consistent with membership in the IC 2391 moving group. It is following an orbit through the Milky Way galaxy that has an eccentricity of 0.06 carrying it as close as 23.9 kly (7.34 kpc) to the Galactic Core, and as far away as 26.8 kly (8.21 kpc). The orbital inclination will carry the star no further than 33 ly (10 pc) away from the galactic plane.

This article uses material from the Wikipedia article "39 Tauri", which is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.