- X 251
- Y 86
- Z 429
- Spectroscopic binary
- Double or multiple star
- Variable Star of beta Cep type
- Infra-Red source
- UV-emission source
Epsilon Lupi, Latinized from ε Lup, is a multiple star system in the southern constellation of Lupus. At an apparent visual magnitude of 3.41, Epsilon Lupi can be readily viewed from the southern hemisphere with sufficiently dark skies. It is the fifth-brightest star or star system in the constellation. Parallax measurements give a distance to this system of roughly 510 light-years (160 parsecs).
This system is what astronomers term a double-lined spectroscopic binary. When the spectrum is examined, the absorption line features of both stars can be viewed. As a result of the Doppler effect, these lines shift back and forth in frequency as the two stars orbit around each other. This allows some of their orbital elements to be deduced, even though the individual stars have not been resolved with a telescope. The pair share a close, elliptical orbit with a period of 4.55970 days. The orbital eccentricity is 0.277, which means that at the separation at closest approach, or periapsis, is only 57% of the distance at their greatest separation, or apoapsis. There is a third, more distant companion at an angular separation of 26.5 arcseconds that may be orbiting the pair with a period of about 64 years.
The pair that share the close orbit, Epsilon Lupi Aa and Epsilon Lupi Ab, have estimated masses of 13.24 and 11.46 times the mass of the Sun, respectively. The more distant component, Epsilon Lupi B, has a mass of about 7.64 times the Sun. The combined stellar classification of the system is B2 IV-V, while the individual components may have spectral classes of B3 IV, B3 V, and A5 V, in order of decreasing mass. The inner A-a pair appear to have their rate of spin synchronized with their orbit, so that the same face of each star always faces its partner. The secondary, Epsilon Lupi a, shows regular variation in luminosity of the type that occurs with Beta Cephei variables, at a periodicity of 10.36 cycles per day.
This star system is a probable member of the Scorpius-Centaurus Association, a moving group of stars that originated together and share a similar trajectory through space.This article uses material from the Wikipedia article "Epsilon Lupi", which is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.