Gamma Centauri

Stellar classification



  • X 108
  • Y 31
  • Z 67
→ Sol: 131

Object type

  • Double or multiple star
  • Star
  • Infra-Red source
  • High proper-motion Star
  • UV-emission source
simbad:* gam Cen


Gamma Centauri (γ Cen, γ Centauri) is a star in the southern constellation Centaurus. It has the proper name Muhlifain, not to be confused with Muliphein, which is γ Canis Majoris; both names derive from the same Arabic root.

Gamma Centauri is a double star located about 130 light-years (40 parsecs) from Earth. The combined apparent visual magnitude of the pair is +2.17, although individually they are third magnitude stars. The stellar classification of the pair is A1IV+, suggesting they are A-type subgiant stars in the process of becoming giants. Individually, their stellar classifications are sometimes listed as A0III, which would mean they have already become giants.

In 2000, the pair had an angular separation of 1.217 arcseconds with a position angle of 351.9°. Their positions have been observed since 1897, which is long enough to estimate an orbital period of 84.5 years and a semimajor axis of 0.93 arcseconds. At the distance of this system, this is equivalent to a linear distance of about 93 Astronomical Units. The star Tau Centauri is relatively close to Gamma Centauri, with an estimated separation of 1.72 light-years (0.53 pc).

This article uses material from the Wikipedia article "Gamma Centauri", which is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.