y Centauri Y Centauri
- X 104
- Y 72
- Z 114
- Semi-regular pulsating Star
- Double or multiple star
- Infra-Red source
- Variable Star of irregular type
- Variable Star
Y Centauri or Y Cen (HD 127233, HIP 70969) is a semiregular variable star in the constellation of Centaurus.
The variability in the star was discovered by Williamina Fleming in 1895 and published in the Third Catalogue of Variable Stars. The photographic magnitude range was given as 7.7 - 8.8, but the variability was described as "somewhat doubtful". It was later given the designation HV 52 in the Harvard Catalogue of Variable Stars. The General Catalogue of Variable Stars lists it as a possible semiregular variable star with a period of 180 days and a photographic magnitude range of 8.9 - 10.0. A study of Hipparcos satellite photometry found a small amplitude range of 0.2 magnitudes at a visual magnitude of 8.53.
The distance of the star is poorly known. The revised Hipparcos annual parallax of 3.50 mas gives a distance of 900 light years. A study taking into account the variability of the star found a parallax of 5.57 mas, corresponding to a distance of 585 light years. It is an asymptotic giant branch star over five thousand times as luminous as the sun. Its spectral type varies between M4 and M7 as it pulsates.
The star has been observed to produce 22 GHz water maser emission, although later searches did not find any maser emission.This article uses material from the Wikipedia article "Y Centauri", which is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.